Responses Due By

2022-05-16 23:59:59 US/Eastern Time

View CSO Procedure

Work With Us - Commercial Companies - Submit Solution

Smart/Wearable Fatigue Tracking (SWiFT)

Project Description

Problem Statement: Fatigue is a major contributing factor to aircraft mishaps, both within and outside of the Department of Defense (DoD). Fatigue costs the U.S. Air Force (USAF) an estimated $140m every year and places aircrew and public lives at risk. In order to better manage fatigue-related mishaps, the DoD desires an advanced fatigue tracking system to mitigate risks and implement effective countermeasures. 

At present, U.S. military aviators are routinely tasked to operate long, mentally tasking, no-fail missions with limited tools to combat fatigue and minimal awareness of any fatigue related risks. The aviation operational risk management (AvORM) program is the current USAF solution for mitigating mishaps associated with pilot fatigue. Current AvORM practices involve a subjective (self-reported) assessment of fatigue to inform “go/no-go” decisions prior to flight. This approach is susceptible to error, given that individual self-reported ratings are often inconsistent with objective (physiological, behavioral) measures of fatigue. Moreover, the AvORM system is limited in its ability to assess future fatigue states and currently only employs a decades-old generic biomathematical model accounting for sleep opportunity and circadian factors. To better meet the challenges of the global mission environment, USAF aviators are in need of a modernized technical solution for tracking, anticipating, and combating fatigue.

The DoD seeks solutions for developing an algorithm that uses readily available commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) wearables to track and predict cognitive fatigue. Algorithm solutions will be validated against gold-standard assessments of fatigue using the Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT). The successful algorithm should account for ≥ 60% of real-time cognitive fatigue and demonstrate a predictive capability of detecting future fatigue prior to fatigue onset. Companies are encouraged to design a solution that can be personalized to an aircrew member, is adaptable to different contexts and inputs, and that can provide both a fatigue snapshot and a fatigue outlook of at least 12 hours (for example, see the below figure). Outlook uncertainty should be low for shorter projections, but may increase significantly for longer projections (e.g., 12-24 hours).

The algorithm must use input from COTS wearable devices. Solutions compatible with finger or wrist-worn devices will be favored over other wearables due to compatibility with cockpit environments, but will not be restricted to these types of wearables. The wearable devices must not have WiFi, microphone, or video recording technology and must be able to easily synchronize data to a cloud infrastructure and repository through existing mobile device applications. The wearable devices must be able to hold at least 12 hours of data on the device between cloud synchronization events. We encourage non-wearable companies with algorithm solutions to partner with a wearable device company for ease of data access. While the DoD has already identified candidate wearable devices to use, companies are encouraged to bring other non-invasive wearables to test, as well.  

This will be a competitive 12-month prototyping effort involving only U.S. companies, in conjunction with a human subjects research protocol through Naval Postgraduate School’s (NPS) Institutional Review Board (IRB). The protocol and data collection will all be managed through NPS to include aircrew data using the PVT, Automated Neurosychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM), and a variety of sleep and/or fatigue questionnaires. NPS may also employ research-grade neurophysiological sensors in order to compare against COTS wearables. Biometric data will be collected before, during, and after complex full motion Air Force simulator missions, as well as during live flights in USAF aircraft. The data will then be pushed to a government-owned data repository for selective distribution. 

The final deliverable includes a fatigue algorithm capable of scoring biometric data within one hour of data arrival. The successful company will be able to market this algorithm to the commercial sector, but the DoD will retain government purpose rights for usage.

The DoD will retain access to wearable sensor datasets for pre-identified government users. Any participating wearable company desiring to collect and utilize wearable data from government research participants using their own proprietary sensors must agree to allow the government to ingest the data into existing data repositories owned and operated by the government. Wherever possible, the vendor needs to provide access to the lowest level of sensor data available (e.g. electrocardiogram waveform in highest sampling rate available for heart-rate variability analysis). This access could come in the form of sensor data logs or API integration with the feature detection components on the device itself. This biometric data, along with other data, including responses on surveys and the psychomotor vigilance test, will then be made accessible to parties on this contract.    

Awarding Instrument:

This Area of Interest solicitation will be awarded in accordance with the Commercial Solutions Opening (CSO) process detailed within HQ0845-19-S-C001 (DIU CSO), posted to FBO in Apr 2019. Additionally this document can be found within the DIU Library at

Eligibility Requirements

Any resulting agreement from this AOI will include language requiring your company to confirm compliance with Section 889 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Pub. L. 115-232). If you are unable to confirm compliance with the referenced law, the Government is unable to enter into an Agreement with your company.

Successful solutions will demonstrate consistency with the DoD AI Ethical Principles. Failure to comply with DoD AI Ethical Principles will result in elimination from the CSO.

Awarding Process


Before You Submit

Companies are advised that any Prototype Other Transaction (OT) agreement awarded in response to this solicitation may result in the direct award of a follow-on production contract or agreement without the use of further competitive procedures. Follow-on production activities will result from successful prototype completion.

The follow-on production contract or agreement will be available for use by one or more organizations within the Department of Defense. As a result, the magnitude of the follow-on production contract or agreement could be significantly larger than that of the Prototype OT agreement. All Prototype OT agreements will include the following statement relative to the potential for follow-on production: “In accordance with 10 U.S.C. § 4022(f), and upon a determination that the prototype project for this transaction has successfully been completed, this competitively awarded Prototype OT agreement may result in the award of a follow-on production contract or transaction without the use of competitive procedures.”

2018 Other Transaction Guide

Have a question about this solicitation?

Need clarification? Having technical issues?
Reach out to our team.

Contact Us

Submission Form
Please fill out the following form in its entirety.

Company Information
Company Contact Information

Submitter Information

Is your company headquarters address different from your company address?

Please tell us your company headquarters address
Is your company a partially or wholly owned subsidiary of another company?

Please tell us about your parent company
Is your company currently operating in stealth mode?

Is this your company’s first submission to a Defense Innovation Unit solicitation?
This applies to solution briefs submitted in response to project-specific solicitations.

Is your company registered in Systems Award Management ( and assigned a current Commercial and Government Entity (CAGE) code?

Please enter your CAGE code

Solution Brief

Solution briefs must be saved as a PDF that is 10MB or smaller. Papers should be approximately 5 or fewer pages and slide decks should be approximately 15 or fewer slides.

Upload (1) One Solution Brief Document
I certify that this submission contains no data designated higher than "Controlled Unclassified Information" (CUI). Submissions with CUI and "FOUO" material may be accepted.

Any agreement awarded off of this solicitation will include language requiring your company to confirm compliance with Section 889 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Pub. L. 115-232). If you are not able to comply with the law, the Government may not be able to award the agreement.

We Work With You

If we think there’s a good match between your solution and our DoD partners, we’ll invite you to provide us with a full proposal — this is the beginning of negotiating all the terms and conditions of a proposed prototype contract.

After a successful prototype, the relationship can continue and even grow, as your company and any interested DoD entity can easily enter into follow-on contracts.

Our Process

  1. We solicit commercial solutions that address current needs of our DoD partners.

  2. You send us a short brief about your solution.

  3. We’ll get back to you within 30 days if we’re interested in learning more through a pitch. If we're not interested, we'll strive to let you know ASAP.